The first part of the paper focuses on the specific monograph entitled Corpus of Bohemian Seals until the Accession of John the Blind, which will also include the edition of sigillographic material from this particular period. The model and content of the publication was already presented in 2000 (Sborník archivních prací 50, 2000, pp. 460-473) and the work on it is still continuing. From the particularities of Corpus of Bohemian Seals until the Accession of John the Blind, it is necessary to point out that alongside the corpus of seals of the diplomatic material, covered in the CDB edition, it will also include seal matrices in state institutions and private ownership, as well as incomplete matrices until 1310. It will contain not only deperditum seals, whose form is known by means of for instance earlier photographs or casts, but also those which are currently referred to merely in corroboration of instruments. In this case, however, one needs to be particularly cautious, as it has been sufficiently demonstrated that the information in the corroboration may not always correspond to reality. With great caution, however, the Corpus also needs to cover the seals mentioned in formularies. The monograph will also include seals released from the written document and stored separately in institutions, as well as seals mentioned in other than diplomatic (mainly narrative) sources, provided that meet the temporal and territorial delimitation of the Corpus. It will also include medieval and modern counterfeits, while also mentioning newer seals attached to acts. Corpus of Bohemian Seals until the Accession of John the Blind and Current Issues of European Sigillography weiterlesen →
The contribution presented basic questions, on which must focus sigillographers dealing with Early-Modern Age or modern sigillography. We haven´t had proper terminology at our disposal yet, which would enable to reflect specific phenomenon of early-modern age sigillography. Such phenomenon didn´t exist in the medieval sigillography, therefore we don´t have functional terminology. The attention was paid to the research methodology as well. Sigillography is the only discipline regardless it discovers medieval or early modern age documents. The research methods and theirs usage must reflect the development and transformation of the matter.
PhDr. Vladimír Spáčil made available the unique collection of charters of fond Town Olomouc Archive, deposited in the State District Archive in Olomouc, in the form of abstract catalog. PhDr. Vladimír Spáčil intended to make the edition of seals, but the idea has just recently come to realization. The catalog of seals has gradually been created thanks to initiative of PhDr. Karl Müller, the director of the Regional Archives in Opava. A total of 2,528 seals will be divided into thematic groups, e.g. Rulers and Ruling Princes, Nobility, Towns, etc. The dividing of the seals will make the orientation in sigillographic material easier. There were demonstrated examples of individual groups and example of the abstract, which accompanies every seal, at the workshop. The researcher gains the basic information about the seal, the frequency and the picture of the seal, which is indispensable. Photographs will be available on the website of archive.
by Miroslav Glejtek, Univerzita Konštantína Filozofa v Nitre
To be able to understand the seal as a historical phenomenon and an important part of medieval society it must examined from different angles. Not much attention is paid to the period descriptions of the seals. The presented paper tries to introduce some basic types of seal descriptions mentioned in written sources of the Hungarian kingdom. The first group consists of descriptions found in corroborative and confirmatory formulas that are part of the documents. Another group represents descriptions in the literature sources originating from legal impulses. They are royal privileges, statutes of religious organizations, the royal laws, regulations, etc. These descriptions are of a particular importance in cases when the original seals were not preserved and thus must be reconstructed from written sources. The ambition of the paper is to present these written sources as an interesting element in the development of modern editions of seals.
Martina Bolom-Kotari, PhD. (*1981) – was born in Havířov. She received her master and doctoral degree at the Masaryk University in Brno, Faculty of Arts, Department of Auxiliary Historical Sciences and Archive Studies. Between 2008 and 2010 she worked as an archivist at the Security Service Archive.
Since 2010 she has been working as Assistant Professor at the Department of Auxiliary Historical Sciences and Archive Studies, Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Králové in East Bohemia.
Since 2017 she is the head of Department. Her scientific interest lies in sigillography, with a special focus on the late medieval period and Early-Modern Age. She researches church history, church administration, late medieval and Early-Modern Age diplomatics. In her free time she enjoys travelling, walking and reading.
Daniel Jeller is an Austrian historian and information technology expert and the head of digitisation and IT at ICARUS, the International Centre for Archival Research in Vienna.
His work, apart from managing the digitisation and technical equipment at ICARUS is currently focussed on digitisation technologies and the effects of the so called Digital Age, the increased use of computer technologies in every aspect of life, on the study of history and auxiliary sciences of history. He started pursuing this topic while working as digitisation technician for ICARUS, where he was employed during his studies at the University of Vienna. The experiences he made during the various digitisation projects resulted in his master thesis “Archival material in the age of its digital reproduction”.
Additionally, he works on several software projects from the field of the Digital Humanities, mainly the Monasterium and ProDomo by ICARUS.
PhDr. Karel Maráz, Ph.D. was born on 16 August 1971 in Brno. From 1985 to 1989 he studied at the Grammar school in Mikulov, from 1989 to 1994 at the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University, fields of study: History and Archival Science (Master’s degree, 1994).
His postgraduate studies took place at the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University from 1994 to 2002, where he majored in Auxiliary Sciences Historical, specialising in sigillography (Ph.D. degree, 2002). He also completed his Pral doctorate examination (PhDr.) at the same faculty in 2003.
He worked as an archivist at the Moravian Land Archive in Brno from 1994 to 1996, as a scientist at the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University, Institute of Auxiliary Sciences of History and Archival Science from 1996 to 2015.
Since 2015, he has worked for National Conservation Office, T. O. in Kroměříž and he has been lecturing at the Department of Auxiliary Historical Sciences and Archive Studies of Charles University in Prag (focusing medieval sigillography). His publication activity (selection) may be found on www.is.muni.cz (ID 1476, Karel Maráz).
Karel Müller was born in Ostrava in 1958. After graduation in History from the Faculty of Arts of the Palacký University Olomouc in 1982, he started to work at the Regional Archive in Opava. He works here till now.
He became a director in 1990. His work and publications are focused on Auxiliary Historical Sciences (Heraldry, Sigillography, Genealogy) and sources of history of Silesia.
He is a member of the Subcommittee for Heraldy and Vexillology of the Chamber of Deputies of Parliament of the Czech Republic since 1991. He lectures on Heraldry and sigillography at the Silesian University in Opava, till 2010 did it also at Palacký University Olomouc
Jan Štěpán was born in Olomouc in 1974. He graduated in History from the Faculty of Arts of the Palacký University Olomouc and then he started to work as an archivist in Olomouc in local branch of the Regional Archive in Opava. He became a deputy head in 2001.
His work and publications are focused on history of the end of 16th century – mainly on the diocese of Olomouc, sigillography and local history.
Hana Seichterová was born in Šternberk in 1984. After graduation in Archive Studies from the Faculty of Arts of the Masaryk University in 2010, she started to work as an archivist in Olomouc in local branch of the Regional Archive in Opava. She works here till now.
Her work and publications are focused on the office of Moravian Vice-chamberlain in 16th century and sigillography.
Mgr. Kateřina Zenklová is a archivist at the National Archives in Prague.
She studied Archival Science and Auxiliary Sciences of History at the Charles University of Prague. She is an archivist of the National Archives in Prague, department of Self-Government, Government until 1848 and Church Institutions.
Main topics of her current research are related to municipal administration and municipal books in the Middle Ages, and auxiliary historical sciences (diplomatics, palaeography, sigillography).
Mgr. Jitka Křečková is anarchivist at the National Archives in Prague. She studied Auxiliary Historical Sciences and Archives Studies – History at the Charles University of Prague. She is the head of the department of Self-Government, Government until 1848 and Church Institutions in the National Archives.
Between 1992 – 1994 she took part in the international project „Soziale Strukturen in Böhmen vom 16. zum 19. Jh.“ and since 1998 she has been participating in the project of a nation-wide catalogue of seals, seal matrices and casts in the Czech Republic.
In 2005 she joinedn the project Monasterium. The main topics of her current research are related to the church history and auxiliary historical sciences (Sigillography).
by Liivi Uuet, Archivist of the National Archives of Estonia
Tallinn cargo harbour was festively decorated with the flags of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic and Finland in the morning of July 7, 1965: motor vessel Vanemuine was sent to its maiden journey from Tallinn to Helsinki which restored regular ferry service between Tallinn and Helsinki. The 1,000-ton vessel was built in Bulgaria the previous year. After official speeches, it started its journey to Helsinki where it was welcomed with similar festivity: the harbour was decorated with flags, press conference was held and official receptions took place at the town government of Helsinki and in the Finnish-Soviet Society of Friendship. It was the year 1965 – the re-establishing of the regular ferry service between Helsinki and Tallinn weiterlesen →
Liivi Uuet is an archivist who has worked at the archives over 40 years. She came across the job by chance, but then fell in love with it and now besides attractive documents there are also memories that keep her at the archives.
The National Archives of Estonia is the centre of archival administration in Estonia. The National Archives collects and preserves records documenting history, culture, nationhood, and social conditions in Estonia.
The archives hold 8.8 million items, the oldest of which dates from 1240. In our virtual reading room one has free access to over 15 millions of digital images online and in 2015 already 99% of archival visits were online.
In the project CO:OP our activities include creating topotheques, organizing “Adventures in archives” and contributing to the blog.
The common weblog of the International Centre for Archival Research (ICARUS) and The European Branch of the International Council on Archives (EURBICA)